Here we are going to consider strategies for expanding the summary that is basic conclusion.

Here we are going to consider strategies for expanding the summary that is basic conclusion.

Here we are going to consider strategies for expanding the summary that is basic conclusion.

But two words of advice are in order. First, in spite of how clever or beautifully executed, a conclusion cannot salvage a poorly written paper. Second, by virtue of their placement, the conclusion carries weight that is rhetorical. This is the statement that is last reader will encounter before turning from your work. Realizing this, writers who expand in the basic summary-conclusion often want to give their final words a dramatic flourish, an elevated amount of diction. Soaring rhetoric and drama in a conclusion are fine so long as they do not unbalance the paper and call awareness of themselves. Having labored very long hours over your paper, you have got every right to wax eloquent. But keep a sense of timing and proportion. Create your points quickly and end crisply.

Statement of the Subject’s Significance

One of the more effective ways to conclude a paper is to discuss the larger significance of everything you have written, providing readers with yet another reason to regard your projects as a serious effort. When working with this plan, you move through the specific concern of your paper into the broader concerns for the reader’s world. Often, you shall have to choose among a variety of significances: A paper on the Wright brothers might end with a discussion of air travel since it affects economies, politics, or families; a paper on contraception might end with a discussion of their impact on sexual mores, population, or the church. But do not overwhelm your reader with the importance of the remarks. Maintain your discussion well focused.

The paragraphs that are following a paper on George H. Shull, a pioneer into the inbreeding and crossbreeding of corn:

. . . Thus, the hybrids developed and described by Shull 75 years ago have finally dominated U.S. corn production.

The adoption of hybrid corn was steady and dramatic within the Corn Belt. From 1930 through 1979 the common yields of corn within the U.S. increased from 21.9 to 95.1 bushels per acre, in addition to extra value to the farmer is currently several billion dollars each year.

The prosperity of hybrid corn in addition has stimulated the breeding of other crops, such as for example sorghum hybrids, a major feed grain crop in arid parts of the planet. Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930. Approximately 20 percent associated with the land specialized in rice production in China is planted with hybrid seed, which is reported to yield 20 percent more than the greatest varieties. And several superior kinds of tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and other vegetables are hybrids. Today virtually all corn stated in the developed countries is from hybrid seed. From those blue bloods associated with the plant kingdom has come a model for feeding the entire world. 10

The sentence that is first of conclusion is a summary, and as a result your reader can infer that the paper included a discussion of Shull’s techniques for the hybrid breeding of corn. The summary is followed closely by a discussion that is two-paragraph the significance of Shull’s research for feeding the whole world.

Call for Further Research

When you look at the scientific and social communities that are scientific papers often end with overview of what happens to be presented (as, as an example, in an experiment) plus the ways in which the subject under consideration has to be further explored. That you call on others to answer, however, make sure you know that the research you are calling for hasn’t already been conducted if you raise questions.

This conclusion that is next from a sociological report in the keeping of elderly both women and men in assisted living facilities.

Thus, our study shows a correlation between the placement of elderly citizens in nursing facilities and also the significant decline of these motor and intellectual skills on the ten months placement that is following. What the research has not made clear is the extent to which this decline that is marked because of physical rather than emotional causes. The elderly are referred to homes at that point within their lives once they grow less in a position to care for themselves – which implies that the drop-off in skills might be as a result of causes that are physical. Nevertheless the stress that is emotional of put into a property, away from family and in a breeding ground that confirms the in-patient’s view of himself as decrepit, may exacerbate – or even itself be a primary reason behind – the in-patient’s rapid loss in abilities. Further research is required to clarify the relationship between depression and particular ailments that are physical these affect the skills regarding the elderly in nursing facilities. There is doubt that is little information yielded by such studies can enable medical care professionals to deliver more beneficial services.

Notice how this call for further study locates the author in a large community of researchers on whom she depends for assistance in answering the questions which have emerge from her own work. The author summarizes her findings (within the first sentence of the paragraph), states what her work has not shown, and then extends her invitation.

The purpose of your paper may be to review an issue or controversy and also to discuss contributing factors. This kind of a full case, it will be appropriate, after summarizing your discussion, to provide a solution in line with the knowledge you have gained while conducting research. Should your option would be to be taken seriously, your understanding must be amply demonstrated in the body of the paper.

. . . The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism – it will be the exploitation of athletes and also the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards.

Many universities are currently deriving substantial advantages from sports programs that depend on the labor of athletes drawn from the poorest chapters of America’s population. This is the responsibility of educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens to note that these young people get a fair return for their labor both in terms of direct remuneration plus in terms of career preparation for a life outside sports.

Minimally, scholarships in revenue-producing sports must be built to extend until graduation, instead of covering only four several years of athletic eligibility, and really should include guarantees of tutoring, counseling, and proper care that is medical. At institutions where in fact the profits are particularly large (such as for example Texas A &M, which could afford to pay its football coach $280,000 a year), scholarships must also provide salaries that extend beyond room, board, and tuition. The main thing is that the athlete be remunerated fairly and have the opportunity to achieve skills from a university environment without undue competition from a physically and psychologically demanding job that is full-time. This could well require that scholarships be extended over five or six years, including summers.

Such a proposal, I suspect, will not be easy to implement. The current amateur system, despite its moral and educational flaws, enables universities to engage their athletic labor at minimal cost. But solving the fiscal crisis for the universities in the backs of America’s poor and minorities just isn’t, in the end, a solution that is tenable. With the support of concerned educators, parents, and civil rights leaders, along with the help from organized labor, the college athlete, truly a sleeping giant, will someday speak out and demand what is rightly his – and hers – a reasonable share of the revenue developed by their time and effort. 11

The author summarizes his article in one single sentence: “the most important problem in college sports today is not commercialism – it’s the exploitation of athletes as well as the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. in this conclusion” In paragraph 2, he continues with an analysis of this problem just stated and follows with a recommendation that is general that “educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens” be accountable for the welfare of college athletes. In paragraph 3, he makes a proposal that is specific plus in the last paragraph, he anticipates resistance to the proposal. He concludes by discounting this resistance and going back to the overall point, that college athletes should receive a deal that is fair.

An anecdote is a briefly told story or joke, the true point of which in a conclusion would be to shed light on the subject. The anecdote is much more direct than an allusion. With an allusion, you merely refer to an account (“Too many people today reside in Plato’s cave . . .”); aided by the anecdote, you actually retell the story. The anecdote allows readers to learn because they get to exercise their creativity for themselves the significance of a reference to another source – an effort most readers enjoy.

Write a Comment